Large-scale bargaining over a new set of union contracts has been under way since June 19 between United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW) Local 555 and the big grocery employers, Fred Meyer and Safeway/Albertsons. The union calls them “Unity Negotiations” — a single set of negotiations that will set the terms of multiple contracts covering 18,000 workers in Oregon and Southwest Washington.
On one side, the union bargaining team consists of 37 members, plus officers and staff, led by Mike Marshall, executive director of collective bargaining. On the other side is management consultant Scott Klitzke Powers of Portland-based Allied Employers Inc., together with representatives of the nation’s largest and second largest grocery owners: publicly traded Kroger (which owns Fred Meyer and QFC) and private equity firm Cerberus Capital Management, which owns Albertsons Companies Inc. [Albertsons bought Safeway in 2015 but continues to operate Safeway — and 15 other grocery subsidiaries — as separate brands.]
Last year Albertsons paid its CEO Robert Miller a $2 million base salary, and Kroger paid its CEO Rodney McMullen $11.5 million — 547 times the $21,075 its median employee was paid. Will the two companies do right by their store-level employees?
Whatever Kroger and Safeway/Albertsons agree to will also set the standard for smaller local chains like Roth’s Fresh Markets in the Salem area, McKay’s Markets on the Oregon coast, Sherm’s Thunderbird in Southern Oregon, and Bales and Lambs Marketplace in Portland’s west side suburbs.
Local 555 sees the unity negotiations as a next step toward the ultimate goal of a single multi-employer master agreement. Currently there are separate contracts between each employer and groups of workers divided up by skill or department, with contracts covering grocery and meat, plus non-food retail and central checkout at the Fred Meyer stores. The separate contracts date back to the five locals of grocery clerks, retail clerks, and meat cutters that merged in 1985 to become Local 555.
Since April, Local 555 has encouraged its members to wear a series of orange buttons while at work. “Stronger Contract for a Stronger Community” says one of the buttons. “Fair hours now” says another.
Local 555 spokesperson Kelley McAllister said Local 555 isn’t publicly discussing its specific proposals. But broadly speaking, the union is pushing for significant wage increases, more full-time positions, more consistent scheduling, and for workers to have a guarantee of a certain minimum number of hours.
“We’re looking to improve wages and benefits to improve our members lives so they can better live in communities that are facing constantly rising costs,” said Marshall, the union’s chief negotiator.
Grocery store owners, meanwhile, are pushing for takeaways, including scheduling workers for fewer hours per day and more days per week, eliminating premium pay for working nights and Sundays, reducing sick time accruals, and imposing a “use-it-or-lose-it” rule on accrued vacation.
The two sides met for the third time Aug. 6 and 7. Further negotiations are planned for September and October.