On the job with IATSE Local 28


ALL HANDS ON DECK: Rigging the KISS show at Moda Center is a team effort. Joel Gburek, left, works with a rigger 100 feet up to attach chain motors that will later lift the equipment.

By Don McIntosh

“My passion,” says Joel Gburek, “is hanging heavy objects from buildings.”

Lead rigger Joel Gburek on deck at Moda Center

Gburek, 47, is an entertainment production rigger. Before Elton John or Justin Timberlake can step onto the stage at Portland’s Moda Center, Gburek heads up a spirited crew of three dozen riggers who hang lights, speakers, and special effects. They’re members of IATSE Local 28, and in six hours, they can turn a basketball court into a concert venue.

“It’s a world that no one ever thinks about,” Gburek says.

It’s true: Fans at an arena concert don’t think twice about the 50 tons of equipment hanging 100 feet above them — spotlights, lasers, speakers, video walls, pyrotechnic gear, fog machines, mirrors, balloons, confetti. But it’s a rigger’s job to make sure it’s all done safely.

IATSE Local 28 riggers Kraig Stanley and Neil Ewing clock in at Moda Center.

It’s Jan. 31, and Gburek’s rigging crew is setting up for KISS: End of the Road World Tour. That means unloading 27 semi trucks and hanging 170,000 pounds from the top of the arena. At sign-in, crew members greet each other with hugs and handshakes. Gburek explains the day’s set-up. “Upriggers” then take an elevator to the arena’s eighth floor, a floor that’s off-limits to the public, and use a catwalk to access steel beams 105’ above the floor below. Communicating with “down-riggers” below, they’ll use galvanized steel aircraft cables to hang chain motors from the beams. Most of the KISS concert’s equipment will be fastened to a large oval-shaped metal truss system that the riggers will construct on the deck of the arena. Once everything is attached, they’ll lift the structure using the array of 155 electric chain motors they’ve suspended from the beams.

Entertainment riggers are the workers that make the spectacle of show business possible. Thanks to riggers, members of KISS, cackling, “Welcome to the Psycho Circus!” can descend on individual octagon-shaped platforms as flames shoot off in the background. Katy Perry can fly out over her audience sitting on a flying saucer. Tommy Lee of Motley Crüe can play drums on a rotating roller coaster above the crowd.

Some riggers get their start at rock and roll clubs. Gburek got his start his senior year of high school in State College, Pennsylvania, when his English teacher talked him into doing stage work on a spring musical. That led him to study technical theater production at Penn State, and a $4.15-an-hour student job working back stage. After graduating in 1995, he moved to Portland.

“My number one priority was getting an IATSE card, no matter where I ended up,” Gburek recalls.

When he saw that the Broadway hit Les Miserables was coming to what was then the Civic Auditorium (now the Keller), Gburek, who’d previous worked on the show’s touring production, went to talk to two stage carpenters he knew on the crew. They introduced him to IATSE Local 28’s business agent. He joined, and started getting jobs through the union hiring hall.

IT’S A LONG WAY DOWN. For upriggers in IATSE Local 28, a work day means walking out onto beams 105 feet above the floor of the Moda Center arena. (Photo courtesy of Joel Gburek)

Twenty-three years later, Gburek has rigged countless concerts, stage productions, conventions and trade shows. He’s been all over the world, rigging on six continents. He traveled with the Broadway show Wicked. He rigged the 2016 Republican National Convention. He toured with The Rolling Stones, Nine Inch Nails, The Killers, Michael Bublé, Kings of Leon, Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, and Imagine Dragons. And like most people in the industry, he’s never been starstruck.

“The star knows you’re not there to get their autograph,” Gburek says. “They know you’re there because you’re a professional. And they know that they hired you and they’re paying for you. You’re part of the machine that makes their show go on.”

“The touring lifestyle is not like the movie Almost Famous,” Gburek said. Touring these days is a business. There are lobby calls and day sheets and time schedules and per diems and sexual harassment policies and non-disclosure agreements.”

Working for a band’s touring production crew is non-union, but Gburek keeps up with his Local 28 dues while he’s on the road. And he calls Portland, and Local 28, home.

“I think we are one of the best rigging locals in the United States, and I say that with a lot of humility but also a lot of experience of being in all the other ones.”

Rigging a production is a team effort and a collaboration between “production riggers” who work for the traveling show, and “local riggers” who work for the venue.

“A production rigger’s job is to take the same show and fit it into 30 different boxes,” Gburek says. “A local rigger’s job is to take 30 different shows and shove them into the same box.”

Gburek said Portland’s Local 28 has a lot of riggers who’ve been on the road, so they understand the needs of a traveling production.

“We bring a lot to the table. We bring professionalism, we bring pride, we bring a sense of union integrity.”

And Local 28 enjoys a solid relationship with arena management, Gburek said: “We’re paid well, we’re treated well, we’re well-taken care of, and we’re respected.”

IATSE stands for International Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees. At Local 28, being a union rigger means wages of about $38 an hour, plus health, retirement and training benefits.

When a concert’s equipment exceeds the rated capacity of a venue, like the KISS concert did at Moda Center arena, the production has an engineer draw up plans to safely hang the equipment.

Thanks to the professionalism of Gburek and his fellow IATSE members, serious accidents are rare. But the risks are real.

In 2003, a ceiling lighting grid collapsed at Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City as riggers were setting up for a concert by Christina Aguilera and Justin Timberlake. Thirty people were working below, and miraculously no one was hit, though three stagehands sustained minor injuries in the scramble to get out of the way. The accident caused $1 million in damage to the tour’s equipment and to the false ceiling, and put the tour on hold.

Because today’s shows often exceed the rated capacity of venues’ structural beams, productions must hire an engineer to determine where load can safely be applied to the building. Gburek doesn’t take any chances, and with an experienced union crew, he doesn’t have to.

“Every single thing we do, all the thousands of pieces of hardware we put together, each one of them is critical to a catastrophe not happening. So to me the union means knowing my brother or sister on the other end of the line. If I’m going to send something up to the grid and someone comes on the radio and says it’s safe and secure, I trust them unequivocally.”

[MORE: See more photos of IATSE Local 28 riggers getting the Moda Center ready for the KISS concert here.]

SPECTACLE: This time, the finished product for the riggers at Moda Center is a non-stop “Psycho Circus” when KISS takes the stage.

How to read a rigger’s hieroglyphics

Using a laser distance measurer, lead rigger Joel Gburek arrives at the Moda Center before the other riggers and makes chalk markings on the floor (or, “deck”) of the arena. The marks tell other riggers how and where to set up each point where a piece of equipment will be hung. Most of the numbers refer to the lengths of braided wire ropes (known as aircraft cable) that have an eye at each end. The eyes are color coded: red for a 5′ cable, white for 10′ and blue for 20′. Within the chalk diagram, the upper numbers are for the ‘baskets’ — the cables that will wrap around the beam above and then be connected to themselves by fastening the eyes together with a “shackle” (technically, a screw-pin anchor shackle — those little metal objects on the right). The middle numbers are for the ‘bridle legs’ which attach to the baskets and join at the apex (or shackle junction) of the bridle.  The lower number is the ‘stinger’ length which connects the bridle apex to the chain hoist, the motor that will lift the object. Meanwhile, the chalk X on the right is the actual point on the floor that riggers will aim for. If the X is within a diamond, as above, that means it will need a hoist capable of lifting a quarter ton; a triangle means a half-ton hoist, a circle means one-ton, and a square two-ton. The black chain is a STAC chain (special theatrical alloy chain) or simply “deck chain”; it’s used for fine adjustment of the bridle legs: “3L” means that riggers will want to add 3 links to the bridle leg. It’s at the top of the leg so that if the point needs to be adjusted, the rigger on the beam above can add or subtract links to move the rigging point on the floor.


  1. Great article……
    Actually Air Craft Cable is not the correct terminology for Wire Rope, but it is sometimes refered to as such….


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Read more