September 5, 2008 Volume 109 Number 17

Union electrician speaks out about unsafe work in Iraq

A union electrician from Battle Ground, Wash., is raising hell over shoddy work and unsafe conditions in Iraq — conditions so bad, she says, that they’ve resulted in the electrocution deaths of several American troops.

Debbie Crawford, a member of Portland-based IBEW Local 48, provided testimony before a U.S. Senate Democratic Policy Committee that is investigating waste, fraud and abuse in Iraq and the performance of the Defense Department’s war contractors. To date, 16 soldiers and contract workers have died by electrocution since 2003. Hundreds more have been injured by shock and burns caused by electrical fires. The Senate committee has conducted 17 hearings.

Crawford, 47, took a job with military contractor KBR (Kellogg Brown and Root) in 2004. She spent two years working in Baghdad’s Green Zone. Her first year, she performed electrical work and supervised Iraqi electricians wiring living trailers for civilian contractors and military personnel, and maintaining State Department facilities and the temporary U.S. Embassy. During her second year she worked as an administrative specialist helping to coordinate the department’s safety program.

It wasn’t long after arriving in Iraq that Crawford realized worker safety was of little importance to KBR. Many of her co-workers weren’t qualified electricians. “They didn’t know about conduit or wire nuts — real basic stuff,” she said. “My general foreman wasn’t even an electrician.”

Crawford told senators that she saw countless wiring hazards and jerry-rigged circuit boards. “I saw green wire, which is specifically designated by the National Electric Code as ground wire, used as a ‘hot’ wire. I brought this to my foreman’s attention but my complaints were totally disregarded,” she said.

Crawford said that time and time again she heard, “This is not the United States ... OSHA doesn’t apply here. If you don’t like it, you can go home. ”

Until a year ago, KBR was a subsidiary of anti-union Halliburton, of which Vice President Dick Cheney was CEO before taking office with President Bush. Halliburton is the world’s biggest oil services company and is making billions of dollars in Iraq reconstruction work — paid for with U.S. tax dollars.

Crawford said she knew nothing about KBR’s anti-union history when she applied for the job. “I didn’t go over for the money,” she told the Northwest Labor Press. “It was the only way I could be patriotic and support the troops and my family.”

It wasn’t until Crawford had returned to the United States that she learned soldiers had been killed in Iraq — not in the war zone, but by electrocution due to improperly grounded wiring while taking showers, washing Humvees, and swimming in pools.

“I was watching the news and saw a story on the electrocutions,” she told the Labor Press. “I was dumbfounded. I was shocked, but I wasn’t shocked. It was like my worst fears had been realized. I knew how things were done over there. I knew that ... I just cried. I was sick that this was going on. And I was angry because I was over there for two years and we were never notified that this was happening — to heighten our awareness to grounding issues, to shock hazards, to raise the priority on shock reports ... nothing. It was totally kept quiet.”

Encouraged by her family and friends to start writing about her experiences, in April 2008 Crawford started a Web site: and began blogging.

“I knew why it had happened and I blogged about it,” she said.

Soon after launching the Web site she was contacted by staff of U.S. Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-ND). After several phone conversations, she agreed to testify about her experiences.

“I’m not political. I wanted to know what their agenda was first,” she said. “I’m not going to be anyone’s tool to push someone’s political agenda. But this is a bipartisan issue about our soldiers. Both Democrats and Republicans are part of this investigation.”

A native Washingtonian, Crawford grew up in Benton City, located a few miles west of Richland, and graduated from Ki-Be High School.

She joined IBEW Local 112 in Kennewick, Wash., as an apprentice, turning out in 1984. She worked primarily at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation, where she moved into maintenance, management and engineering, thus letting her electrical license expire and her union membership drop.

In 1994 she left the Tri-Cities for the beaches of Oregon. She ran a small business in Seaside while homeschooling her daughter.

Crawford returned to the trade in 2000, re-testing for her electrical license in Oregon and joining IBEW Local 48.

She got the “traveling bug,” and took union jobs wherever they could be found in the United States. A friend told her about a job in Antarctica building a lab for the National Science Foundation. She took it.

Crawford returned to the U.S., traveled some more, then heard about work in Iraq. She told the Labor Press she was amazed at how easy it was to get hired. She applied online and two weeks later was flown to Houston for orientation. “It was like a big cattle call,” she recounted. “They didn’t check my references. There had to be 500 or more people who had been hired by KBR on the same flight to Bagdad as me.”

More than 21,000 people work for KBR in Iraq.

Crawford is looking for some of those former KBR employees who are willing to share their experiences with faulty electrical and other unsafe conditions in their camps. Electricians, soldiers and other civilian contractors are encouraged to e-mail her at:

Crawford has been sharing her information with the mothers of two soldiers who were electrocuted. They all testified before the Senate investigation committee on July 11. The mothers are suing KBR.

KBR has denied any responsiblity.

“There is no incentive over there to do it safely or to do it right,” Crawford said. “There are no ramifications for KBR if they kill someone in Iraq. They still get paid.”

Following her testimony before the Senate Democratic Policy Committee, Crawford met for three hours with the State Department’s Office of Inspector General over concerns she raised while working in China.

After returning from Iraq, Crawford took some time off, then headed to China in 2007 to work on the new American Embassy in Beijing — a job that required top secret security clearance. After four months, she quit.

“The safety conditions were worse in China than in Iraq,” she said.

Her complaints in China also were ignored.

Crawford is on a mission to change the laws protecting U.S. workers at U.S. projects overseas.

“We need the union’s help — the union’s strength — to change the laws that protect U.S. workers that work on U.S. jobs outside the country,” she said. “Personally, I think unions should try to organize the world.”

Crawford is appalled that U.S. citizens employed by an American company working on an overseas project funded by the United States have no recourse when labor laws, job safety laws, human rights laws, are violated.

“Billions of U.S. dollars spent all over the world by Americans who have to have top secret security clearance,” she said. “It’s important enough that we have a top secret clearance ... but it’s not important enough for OSHA to apply, or for labor laws to apply. They can make you work seven days a week, 16 hours a day and not pay overtime.”

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